Archived entries for four

12 line Foster

picture and printed proof of 12 line Foster wood type numeral four

12 line Trafton Script

12 line Clarendon Countdown to 2012, 4

20 line Bernhard Gothic Extra Heavy

Bernhard Gothic was among the first American sans serif typefaces designed to compete with its exponentially more popular European contemporaries, Futura and Kabel. Lucien Bernhard designed this namesake Gothic in 1929–30 for ATF. Though it was never copied and renamed (possibly it was a little too quirky) by other metal type foundries, some weights of Bernhard Gothic were cut in wood by the Hamilton Manufacturing Co.

12 line Roman X Condensed

Letters typically get all the glory on this blog so I thought I’d introduce the newest addition to the collection with this glorious numeral four. Rob Roy Kelly identified three “primary faces”—Roman, Antique, and Gothic—each of which spawned innumerable derivative designs. Until now I was missing a Roman. Besides filling a large gap in the collection, this 12 line Roman X Condensed brings another manufacturer—Bill, Stark & Company—to the mix.

Horatio and Jeremiah Bill learned wood type manufacturing while employed by Edwin Allen. The brothers Bill ventured out on their own around 1850 and in the 3–4 years they were in business, they made quite an impression. In fact, they were the only wood type manufacturers to exhibit at the New York World’s Fair.

All four capital A blocks in this font bear the Bill Stark & Co. imprint on the side and on the foot. No other manufacturer represented in my collection stamped the feet of their type.

12 line No. 4006

Four Play

6 line Poster Gothic No. 738 – Class R

This 4 is from a caps and figures font of side grain wood type. The face was identified with the help of Nick Sherman’s Flickr set Type specimen books at Hamilton (thanks Nick, that’s a valuable resource!). I wish I also had the solid No. 737 – Class N.

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